Learn to describe the numerous weather-related factors.
Climate science is the study of atmospheric conditions, which at any one time are often influenced by elements including temperature, wind, air pressure, and water vapour.
The earth’s atmosphere is made up of a combination of gases, moisture, and temperatures that, in one way or another, regulate the circumstances necessary for the existence of life on earth. These circumstances are constantly relatively dynamic and open to alter at any given moment. The fluctuations in the atmosphere and the energy dynamics of the earth have a significant impact on how people behave in the environment on a daily basis. Together, these factors—the rotation of the earth and the sun’s radiation—produce ongoing, cumulative circumstances of climate and weather events that have an impact on human life on earth.
There are 8 lessons in this course:
- Nature & Scope of Climatology
- Introduction to climatology & meteorology
- Understanding how climate and weather affects us
- What makes up our weather?
- How do we measure weather?
- Weather Science Foundations
- Solar Radiation
- Circulation Patterns
- Pressure Systems
- Atmospheric Pressure
- Pressure and Temperature
- Latitudinal Circulation
- Air masses
- Trade Wind
- The Beaufort Scale of Wind Speed
- Frontal Systems
- Oceanic circulation
- Longitudinal Circulation
- Southern Oscillation
- Ocean Gyres
- Climate Classifications & Patterns
- Types of Climates
- Factors Which Influence Climate
- Wind Direction
- Geographical Location
- Climates Classification Models
- Koppen Climate Classification
- Thornwaite Climatic Classification System
- Bergeron Climatic Classification System
- Spatial Synoptic Classification (SSC)
- Other Global Classification Systems
- Holdridge Life Zone System
- Atmospheric Dynamics
- Introduction to Atmosphere Composition
- Purpose of the Atmosphere
- Seasonal Variations
- Vertical Structure of Atmosphere
- Precipitation Processes and Other Events
- Cloud Dynamics
- Cyclones, Typhoons and Hurricanes
- METAR Codes for Precipitation Processes
- Aerosols and Climate Processes
- Indirect Effects of Aerosols
- Climate Changes
- Factors that Cause or Influence Climate Change
- Natural Causes
- The Sun
- Earth’s Orbit
- Earth’s Axis
- Oceanic Circulation
- Oceanic Carbon Dioxide
- Magnetic Field
- Plate Tectonics
- Volcanic Activities
- Asteroids, Comets or Meteorite Impact
- Manmade Causes or Anthropogenic Influences
- Fossil Fuels
- Nitrous Oxide
- Other Pollution
- Different Types of Climate Change Events
- Glaciation and Ice Loss
- Flora and Fauna
- Ocean Warming and Sea Levels
- Extreme Weather Events
- Ozone Depletion
- Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect
- Applications of Climate Science
- Evolution of Methods and Techniques of Weather Forecasting
- Early Methods & Simple Techniques
- Modern Forecasting Approaches
- Synoptic (Traditional) Forecasting
- Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)
- Statistical Methods
- Long and Short Range Forecasting
- Understanding Forecasting Models
- Simple Models
- Tropical Cyclone Forecast Model
- General Circulation MOdel (GCM)
- Regional Climate Modelling
- Collection and Applications of Weather & Climate Data
- Weather Mapping
- Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)
- Verification Methods
- Methods of Standard Verification
- Climatology Problem Based Learning Project
- Management Processes
- Business Plans – Preparing a Plan
- Decision Making
- What to Plan for
- Risk Analysis
- Ways to Manage Risk
- PROJECT PLAN
Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school’s tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.
What exactly is climatology?
The study of climate, or more specifically, the average weather conditions over a specific time period, is called climatology, as the name suggests. It is regarded as one among the “atmospheric sciences,” which are frequently grouped under the umbrella term “earth sciences.” When using different analogue climate models, short-term weather forecasts can be made using climatology knowledge.
In order to comprehend climate patterns and forecast future weather and climate, climatology may look at historical climates using geological information and other sources in addition to present climate data. In order to understand climate, climatology uses statistical data and mathematical models, but because there are so many complicated processes and factors at play, climate science is not an exact science because the equations used to apply physical principles are typically approximations.
Why Study the Weather?
Since the climate makes up a significant portion of our environment, it greatly affects how we live and what we do.
Everything from playing to working to keeping fit and avoiding illness is easier when the climate is right.
When the climate is unsuitable, the air may get contaminated or the humidity and temperature may exceed what is healthy for people. for both plants and animals to work in.
We study the climate because in order to effectively manage any of these things that the climate impacts, it is essential that we comprehend our environment.
Because to this, a basic understanding of climate science is required for a wide range of vocations, such as:
- Environmental Managers
- Land and natural resource managers
When the weather turns bad, everyone from company owners and tourism operators to athletes might suffer greatly. There are few, if any, jobs that are not affected by climate change, and understanding climate science is something that almost everyone can profit from.